The Everglades Research Papers
Alligators dig gator holes which provide shelter in the dry season for a assortment of wildlife. Both workss and animate beings have adapted to digest this clip of adversity. Hurricanes traditionally harry the country, rupturing off the knolls created by the colonising Rhizophora mangle trees. When this occurs, the sawgrass that forms the most recognizable characteristic of the Glades moves back into the gap. These cheques and balances are delicate. The more the workss and animate beings have specialized to last, the more any alteration to their environment threatens them with extinction. Many species which occur nowhere else than in the Everglades now face ecological catastrophe, as both the home ground and the dwellers of it are affected by adult male.
Hunting has decimated the jaguar and crocodile populations. Pesticides washed down the watershed from farms and citrous fruit groves have affected all wildlife, but particularly the birds. Motorboats and other watercraft routinely injure or kill slow-moving Trichechus manatuss. For all of these animals, the loss of home ground has been severe, as big countries have been appropriated and drained for agriculture or for development ( Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan On-Line ) . Additionally, introduced species such as the casuarinas tree and Brazilian Piper nigrum have crowded out native species on which assorted animals depend for nutrient.
These wild cats are about the size of a puma, mensurating about 6-8 pess in length and weighing approximately 160 lbs. The form of the skull is characterized by a more overdone rise of the rhinal arch. They have smaller paws and longer legs compared to its cousins. It has shorter hair, a crooked tail, and a coil of hair in the center of its dorsum. The Florida Panther & apos ; s coat varies from a rusty fan to crawl grey, while the muzzle, thorax, and underbelly are white. The form of the print is asymmetrical, a 3 lobbed tablet surrounded by 4 toes, usually no claw marks show but if they appear they will be little crisp points. When walking, the hind paw is frequently placed in the print of the forepaw, fundamentally overlapping the forepaw.
Deconstructing Source Integration: Exploitation Research/Evidence
Extra Information: Ideally this exercising would hold better success utilizing a research paper with more beginnings. There aren’t many beginnings used, so the groups will be big in nature. If the teacher wants to hold groups smaller than five, some groups can be assigned to look for extra beginnings the writer could’ve used. As an option, Amanda Davison’s “Obesity And Famine: How Vegetarianism Can Help” ( 2009-10 OOW ) can be used in concurrence with the original essay. At the terminal, you might desire to hold pupils compose a brooding diary detailing their experience with integrating grounds from beginnings every bit good as any issues they faced while working with their group.
Hypertextuality and Online Research: Evaluating and Using Online Beginnings
Purpose: This activity helps pupils to develop their accomplishments in identifying and integrating on-line beginnings, utilizing the pupil essay “The Suburban Generation” from Our Own Words 2006–2007. It is designed to rise or incite consciousness of hypertextuality, particularly its possible in associating information or integrating extra information from beginnings right into the text. Furthermore, hypertextuality nowadayss interesting research possibilities, in that pupils larn how to develop connexions between a primary and secondary text, while besides larning how to spot between specific on-line resources.
Sharpening Structure: The Research Essay
Description: The intent of this exercising is to analyze construction as it works in concurrence with an essay’s commanding thought ( thesis statement ) . Most pupils forget ( or are told to bury ) the five-paragraph essay signifier. But as a consequence, pupils are non certain what to believe about construction. If they receive any direction about construction in ENC 1101, it is most likely in the context of personal authorship, more originative authorship. This exercising provides a manner to analyze the practical, about natural, manner in which construction can be teased out of one sentence, a statement of an essay’s controlling thought. This activity makes sketching less arbitrary and more fruitful for pupils composing research essays.
Procedure: Your pupils should be take parting in this exercising in the context of a undertaking for your class, one which requires secondary beginnings and/or a primary text of some sort. Have your pupils consult their McGraw-Hill Handbooks and/or the Purdue Owl in hunt of how to mention the type of text being cited. From here, pupils will unite images and text to demo how to do an in-text commendation and plants cited entry for their chosen text, with an account of where they got the information ( URL on the OWL or pages in the McGraw-Hill Handbook ) . Prezi and Powerpoint offer good locales for roll uping and forming the stairss in commendation creative activity, as they have slides/a way built into them which will assist pupils believe about making commendations as a procedure. The concluding merchandise should function as a bit-by-bit how-to usher for doing an in-text commendation and a plant cited entry for a peculiar type of text which the remainder of the category can utilize as a theoretical account for doing their ain commendations as related to their ain undertakings.
What is a Research Paper?
`` Research paper. '' What image comes into head as you hear those words: working with tonss of articles and books, runing the `` hoarded wealth '' of others ' ideas? Whatever image you create, it 's a certain stake that you 're visualizing beginnings of information -- articles, books, people, graphicss. Yet a research paper is more than the amount of your beginnings, more than a aggregation of different pieces of information about a subject, and more than a reappraisal of the literature in a field. A research paper analyzes a position or argues a point. Regardless of the type of research paper you are composing, your finished research paper should show your ain thought backed up by others ' thoughts and information. To pull a analogue, a attorney researches and reads about many instances and uses them to back up their ain instance. A scientist reads many instance surveies to back up an thought about a scientific rule. In the same manner, a history pupil composing about the Vietnam War might read newspaper articles and books and interview veterans to develop and/or confirm a point of view and support it with grounds. A research paper is an expanded essay that presents your ain reading or rating or statement. When you write an essay, you use everything that you personally know and have thought about a topic. When you write a research paper you build upon what you know about the topic and do a deliberate effort to happen out what experts know. A research paper involves appraising a field of cognition in order to happen the best possible information in that field. And that study can be orderly and focussed, if you know how to near it. Do n't worry -- you wo n't acquire lost in a sea of beginnings. In fact, this usher is designed to assist you voyage the research ocean trip, through developing a research inquiry and thesis, making the research, composing the paper, and right documenting your beginnings.
Scientific/Research Paper/Thesis - Self Evaluation
Tables and Figures • Make your TABLES consist of labelled columns with information arranged within them by row? • Are your FIGURES either images or chart? • Are tabular arraies numbered consecutively and figures numbered consecutively? Are they cited in the text of the abstract? • Is each tabular array and figure accompanied by a header or legend consisting of a “title” ( in the signifier of an uncomplete sentence ) and an account of the contents? Do you clearly explain the significance of any abbreviations? • Could a reader understand your work by perusing ONLY the tabular arraies and figures? • Are all AXES of graphs right labeled with UNITS indicated? Is the significance of different symbols stated in the figure fable? • Is at that place some indicant of VARIABILITY ( either plotting all single observations, or ( best ) demoing the standard divergence or standard mistake with mistake bars ) on your graph?
PowerPoint Poster Notes
• Standard posting size is 48 ” breadth x 36” tallness. Make certain you check the dimension demands for your peculiar event. • If in a plan, you must admit the plan. Ex-husband: “My research has been supported by the NIGMS/HHMI Bridge Program.” • Be careful with excessively much text. • If your wise man is non listed as an writer, you should admit he/she in the Acknowledgments subdivision. • Do non set two UM Sons, for illustration the general UM logo and the Sylvester logo. You merely necessitate one or the other. • All tabular arraies should hold a header above them, and all figures should hold a labeled fable beneath them. • To salvage on ink, postings should hold a white or really light background. • To change over a PowerPoint posting to PDF: For Macs, print the posting to a file and stipulate printing as a PDF. For Windowss, you will necessitate Adobe Acrobat, the full version, which you can download from hypertext transfer protocol: //miami.edu/software - it’s under “Graphics, Design and Web Tools” as “Adobe Acrobat Professional TSL Program” . Once that is installed, you will hold aPDF printer listed under your pressmans subdivision.
Florida Tech Research `` In the News ''
The Office of the Vice President for Research supports all module and pupil enterprises to research advanced solutions to the state 's most ambitious issues. As a national research university, over the past decennary, Florida Tech has made major add-ons and betterments to installations that enhance the research constituents of about all facets of undergraduate and alumnus instruction. Along with these installation betterments, 34 research institutes and centres, and major labs have been established to concentrate on peculiar countries of survey and in many instances encourage interdisciplinary coaction. These research institutes, centres and major research labs represent important university research capableness that supplements the assorted research university sections and program-related activities and installations.
Research Sponsored Undertakings
The current value of Research Sponsored Projects is over $ 94 million. The figure of Florida Tech module who serve as chief research workers has besides doubled in the last three old ages to 90—four of which have received esteemed NSF Career Awards. University module expended $ 16.5 million to purchase equipment, support pupils, wage wages and to cover general disbursals. In add-on to over a twelve research centres, five new interdisciplinary research institutes were initiated that are the focal point for Florida Tech undergraduate and alumnus research. These new research university institutes include: Human Centered Design Institute, Institute for Energy Systems, Institute for Marine Research, Institute for Materials Science & Nanotechnology and Institute for Research on Global Climate Change.
Florida is the most southern of all U.S. states other than Hawaii and is a alone blend of societies. The northern portion of the province is portion of the cultural part of The South, where you will happen traditional southern cookery, amusement, idiom, and life styles, much as you would anticipate to happen merely north in Georgia, Alabama, and the Carolinas. By and large, the more south you go in the province, the more unlike the South it seems ; you should non anticipate to see 'southern ' civilization everyplace, although southern civilization can be found in every part of the province, it is non ever the most outstanding. Cities such as Tampa and Orlando offer the feel of many different civilizations. There are a batch of Southerners in these countries, every bit good as people who are non from the province ( midwest, nor'-east ) , whereas Miami is alone in looking like a cross between an American city and a major Latin American metropolis ( like Caracas, Rio, or Sao Paulo ) . There are some Seminole Indian militias and small towns throughout southern Florida ( viz. in the Everglades ) and their autochthonal civilization can be experienced by sing a gift store and browse humanistic disciplines and trades. The southernmost Florida Keys offer yet another spirit, full of the slow paced and insouciant ambiance of true beach life. All in all, Florida is its ain part of the United States in its ain right.
The Florida State Fair held every February near Tampa is the best event to go to to feel the varying civilizations. The fairgrounds are host to a `` cracker '' small town similar to the small towns that were found in rural Florida in the nineteenth century. It hosts an expounding of counties, where each Florida county has a show and a representative to reply inquiries. In add-on, the carnival has carnal shows and shows, an exhibition dedicated to citrus, assorted dance & cheerleading competitions, and a big choice of drives and games. A few hebdomads subsequently, nearby Plant City host the Strawberry Festival, normally the last few yearss of February and first hebdomad of March. Plant City is the `` Strawberry Capital of the US '' and about every nutrient seller at the festival offers several dishes having strawberries.
Florida 's coastline is universe category, with several gorgeous beaches, bays, and estuaries lying on the seashore. The Floridian landscape is level, with many lakes and wetlands throughout most parts of the province. The lone exclusion is parts of the centre in Highlands, Polk, Lake, and a few other counties where turn overing hills are common. The highest point in the province is 345ft ( 105m ) and Sugarloaf Mountain in Lake County is the highest point on the peninsula at 312ft ( 95m ) . Florida 's metropoliss tend to be large, straggling, and good developed. For such a extremely populated country there are fortuitously still several countries of wilderness left ( although they are frequently found sitting right following to a big metropolis ) . Many rural parts of the province grow citrous fruit and sugar cane, but farmland tends to be far out from the usual tourer countries. The Florida Panhandle and North Florida is largely farmland and pine trees, but as you travel south, you 'll see more wetlands and urbanisation. The Florida Keys, a little concatenation of semitropical islands, have their ain unique geographics, surrounded by the beautiful Waterss of the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Florida is known around the universe for its balmy conditions. The clime varies from humid semitropical ( like the remainder of the southern provinces ) in the North ( from Pensacola down to Tampa ) to semi-tropical in the South ( from Fort Myers to Key West ) . The province 's by and large mild winters have made it a oasis for retired persons year-round and impermanent occupants during the winter known as `` fieldfares '' . Summers can be long and hot, with the inside being a few grades warmer than the immediate seashore. Coastal countries besides experience soft zephyr during the summer, and the beach is normally the coolest, least humid topographic point to be. During the winter, coastal countries are warmer, somewhat, than inland countries. The Atlantic side of Florida is noted for milder, more moderate conditions, as opposed to the Gulf side, which is drier and ice chest during winter, and hotter and muggier in summer, than the Atlantic seashore.
While coastal zephyrs are a welcome alleviation from the scorching temperatures, they are besides the cause of the most ill-famed Florida conditions characteristic: electrical storms. While the storms are frequently brief, they are common, and anyone sing Florida during the rainy season ( mid-June to September ) should be after a few activities indoors in the afternoon as a backup program. Florida 's electrical storms occur mundane during the rainy season and typically form 20-30mi inland and either move toward the centre of the province or toward the seashore. While most merely chill the air conveying a welcome alleviation to smothering temperatures, these storms produce considerable sums of unsafe lightning and sometimes acclaim, high air currents ( 50mph+ ) , and twisters. See the `` stay safe '' subdivision for electrical storm safety. Many attractive forces such as Disney World have multiple attractive forces available even during cloudbursts. It is common to be in a rain shower yet be in the Sun at the same clip. It is besides an interesting contradiction that rain can be happening merely a few stat mis inland from the seashore, while those at the beach experience a beautiful twenty-four hours. Cold conditions on occasion affects Florida, even as far south as Miami and the Keys. Mainland South Florida has recorded hoars and even snow bustles before that harm tropical workss and kill many animate beings, such as non-native iguanas, pythons and Taegu lizards. The Florida Keys, due to being surrounded by H2O, have ne'er had frost or snow bustles, but still do acquire chilly conditions for a few yearss every winter. Water temperatures can besides go chilly-even in South Florida-in winter.
Like many Southern and Eastern provinces, Florida chose to utilize tolls to fund the building of most of its freeway system instead than raising belongings, gross revenues, income, or gas revenue enhancements. As a consequence, visitants can look frontward to paying a batch of tolls, particularly on Florida 's Turnpike or in Orlando, where the metropolis 's full freeway system ( except Interstate 4 ) was built as tollways. More and more toll roads are exchanging over to cashless tolling, which means you should see acquiring a rental auto with a SunPass transponder, for which the auto rental bureau will probably bear down you a day-to-day fee on top of the tolls. If you do n't hold a transponder and drive onto such toll roads anyhow, so the auto rental bureau will probably bear down you extortionate `` convenience fees '' to unbend out the ensuing muss.
Florida is progressively going a major finish for shopping. The Orlando and Miami countries are place to a overplus of shopping promenades, including many `` mercantile establishment '' promenades which are place to shops selling brand-name merchandises for discounted monetary values and retail stores of name trade names which typically are sold through retail companies ( Nike, Sony, Tommy Hilfiger, North Face, etc ) . There are besides a big figure of shops selling keepsakes, although most are non locally produced. The Orlando/Kissimmee part, particularly, has a much larger figure of retail shops than is typical of US metropoliss. While traditionally they catered mostly to American households on holiday, these shopping finishs are now functioning foreign shoppers. Europeans ( and more late Brazilians ) flock to these shopping centres to purchase merchandises significantly cheaper than at place and it 's non uncommon at some shopping centres in Orlando to meet tourers from around the Earth ( particularly on weekdays, when most Americans are working ) . As with the remainder of the United States, monetary values even after gross revenues revenue enhancements tend to be much lower than in other states because the U.S. ( except Hawaii ) has no value-added revenue enhancement, and quality is much higher due to the bargaining power of the immense U.S. retail merchants.
Watch where and when you swim. While the beaches are great they frequently harbor rip currents, bacteriums, and Portuguese man-of-war. Always cheque with the lifesaver base before heading in if no 1 is in the H2O or the moving ridges are unsmooth. Volusia County is known for a high figure of shark onslaughts, so be careful when surfing. Even so, the figure of onslaughts are less than 50, with a fatal onslaught every 2-3 old ages, amongst 1000000s of visitants and occupants who swim in the ocean. Swiming near twilight and morning is most risky. Never swim in the lakes or rivers unless marks tell you swimming is safe. In Florida, stagnant and decelerate traveling freshwater frequently has alligators ( every bit good as toxicant serpents ) . While they seldom attack worlds, it 's best non to take your opportunities.
Showing Documents 1 - 50 of 996 Sort By 1 2 3 4. 20 | Next > Legal Issues in Geriatric Surgery Chapter in: Principles and Practice of Geriatric Surgery, Edited by Ronnie A. Rosenthal, Michael E. Zenilman, and Mark R. Katlic, Published by Springer International Publishing, Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 884 Marshall B. Kapp Florida State University - College of Law and College of Medicine Date Posted: April 19, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 11 downloads Tiered Constitutional Design George Washington Law Review, Vol. 86, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 839 Rosalind Dixon and David Landau University of New South Wales ( UNSW ) - Faculty of Law and Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: April 17, 2017 Last Revised: May 05, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 83 downloads Breathing Air with Heft: An Experiential Report on Environmental Regulation & Public Health in Urban China Environs Environmental Law and Policy Journal, Vol. 42, 2018, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 838 Erin Ryan Florida State University, College of Law Date Posted: April 05, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 20 downloads Agency Motivations in Exercising Discretion FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 830 David L. Markell Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 30, 2017 Last Revised: April 02, 2017 Working Paper Series 38 downloads Reforming Registers in Academy for Justice, A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform, ( Erik Luna ed. , 2017 Forthcoming ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 833 Wayne A. Logan Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 27, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 137 downloads Judicial Candidates ' Right to Lie 77 Maryland Law Review ( 2018 Forthcoming ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 829 Nat Stern Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 23, 2017 Working Paper Series 35 downloads The Future is Now: Esports Policy Considerations and Potential Litigation As accepted for publication in Journal of Legal Aspects of Sport, ©SRLA Vol 27 pp. 46-78, 2017. Department of the interior: 10.1123/jlas.2016-0018, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 837, John T. Holden, Anastasios Kaburakis and Ryan M. Rodenberg Florida State University, Saint Louis University - John Cook School of Business and Florida State University - College of Education Date Posted: March 23, 2017 Working Paper Series 215 downloads On Hearsay Dragon-Slaying 67 Florida Law Review Forum 269, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 836 Justin Sevier Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 16, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 23 downloads Vicarious Windfalls Iowa Law Review, Vol. 102, 2017, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 835 Justin Sevier Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 16, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 28 downloads Liberty and the Politicss of Balance: The Undue Burden Test after Casey/Hellerstedt FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 831 Mary Ziegler Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 09, 2017 Working Paper Series 31 downloads The New Negative Rights: Abortion Support and Constitutional Law after Whole Woman 's Health FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 832 Mary Ziegler Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 09, 2017 Working Paper Series 60 downloads Valuing Residual Goodwill after Trademark Forfeiture Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 93, 2017, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 1-17, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 828 Jake Linford Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 08, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 44 downloads Climate Policy in the Trump Era: Carbon Tax Rising? FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 834 Shi-Ling Hsu Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: March 03, 2017 Last Revised: May 05, 2017 Working Paper Series 71 downloads Democratic Erosion and Constitution-Making Moments: The Role of International Law University of California Irvine Journal of International, Transnational, and Comparative Law, 2017 Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 826 David Landau Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: January 28, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 56 downloads Substitute and Complement Theories of Judicial Review Indiana Law Journal, 2017 Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 825 David Landau Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: January 28, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 92 downloads Political Support and Structural Constitutional Law Alabama Law Review, Vol. 67, No. 4, 2016, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 824 David Landau Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: January 28, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 42 downloads Brief of Amicus Curiae ( Frederick M. Abbott ) in Support of Petitioner in Impression Products v. Lexmark International, US Supreme Court, No. 15-1189, filed January 20, 2017 Amicus Brief to U.S. Supreme Court ( 2017 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 827 Frederick M. Abbott Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: January 28, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 17 downloads Parallel Trade in Pharmaceuticals: Trade Therapy for Market Distortions in Research Handbook on Intellectual Property Exhaustion and Parallel Imports 145-65, explosive detection systems. I. Calboli & E. Lee, Edward Elgar Pub. ( 2016 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 823, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-16 Frederick M. Abbott Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: December 10, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 62 downloads You 'll Be Comfortable after Surgery: The Ethical Imperative of Better Pre-Operative Pain Management for Osteoarthritis Rutgers Journal of Bioethics, ( 2016-2017 Forthcoming ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 822 Marshall B. Kapp Florida State University - College of Law and College of Medicine Date Posted: November 19, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 21 downloads Cadwalader, RUPA and Fiduciary Duty 54 Washington and Lee Law Review 877 ( 1997 ) Donald J. Weidner Florida State University College of Law Date Posted: November 19, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 12 downloads Foreword to Freedom of Contract and Fiduciary Duty: Forming the Internal Relations of the Unincorporated Firm 54 Washington and Lee Law Review 389 ( 1997 ) Donald J. Weidner Florida State University College of Law Date Posted: November 19, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 11 downloads The Revised Uniform Partnership Act: The Reporters ' Overview 49 Business Lawyer 1 ( 1993 ) Donald J. Weidner and John W. Larson Florida State University College of Law and Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: November 18, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 10 downloads Three Policy Decisions Animate Revision of Uniform Partnership Act 46 Business Lawyer 427 ( 1991 ) Donald J. Weidner Florida State University College of Law Date Posted: November 18, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 3 downloads RUPA and Fiduciary Duty: The Texture of Relationship 58 Law and Contemporary Problems 81 ( Spring 1995 ) Donald J. Weidner Florida State University College of Law Date Posted: November 17, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 7 downloads Distinctive Factors Affecting the Legal Context of End-of-Life Medical Care for Older Persons 33 Georgia State University Law Review __ Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 819 Marshall B. Kapp Florida State University - College of Law and College of Medicine Date Posted: October 25, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 24 downloads Children are Different: The Abolition of Mandatory Minimum Sentencing in Florida FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 821 Paolo Annino Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: October 18, 2016 Working Paper Series 77 downloads Proponents’ Standing to Defend Their Ballot Initiatives: A Post-Hollingsworth Work-Around? Northeastern University Law Journal, Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 817 John S. Caragozian and Nat Stern California Supreme Court Historical Society and Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: October 17, 2016 Last Revised: March 24, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 41 downloads The Federalism Implications of Campaign Finance Regulation University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, Vol. 164 ( 2016 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 820 Franita Tolson Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: October 12, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 36 downloads The Fallacious Expostulations to the Tax Treatment of Carried Interest Florida Tax Review, Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 818, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-15, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 522, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-021 Douglas A. Kahn and Jeffrey H. Kahn University of Michigan Law School and Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: October 05, 2016 Last Revised: January 31, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 176 downloads New FASB Rules on Accounting for Leases: A Sarbanes-Oxley Promise Delivered 72 Business Lawyer 367 ( 2017 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 816, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-14 Donald J. Weidner Florida State University College of Law Date Posted: October 05, 2016 Last Revised: May 04, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 136 downloads The Rise and Fall of Chevron in Tax: From the Early Days to King and Beyond 2015 Pepperdine Law Review 19 ( digital Symposium ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 813 Steve R. Johnson Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: September 26, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 29 downloads Technological Innovation, Data Analytics, and Environmental Enforcement Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 1, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 815, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2016-47, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-47 Robert L. Glicksman, David L. Markell and Claire Monteleoni George Washington University - Law School, Florida State University - College of Law and George Washington University - Department of Computer Science Date Posted: September 21, 2016 Last Revised: October 07, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 100 downloads Retroactive Tax Legislation 81 State Tax Notes 529, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 812 Steve R. Johnson Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: September 21, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 55 downloads Equitable Fiduciaries, Business Organization Fiduciaries, and Cognition: Explaining the Divide in Fiduciary Obligation Law FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 814 H. Justin Pace Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law Date Posted: September 20, 2016 Last Revised: November 10, 2016 Working Paper Series 59 downloads An Introduction to Compliance and Enforcement This is a bill of exchange chapter that will look in Compliance and Enforcement of Environmental Law ( Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Lee C. Paddock & David Markell, eds. , 2016, Forthcoming ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 811 Lee C. Paddock, David L. Markell and Robert L. Glicksman George Washington University - Law School, Florida State University - College of Law and George Washington University - Law School Date Posted: August 18, 2016 Last Revised: August 19, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 57 downloads A Game-Theoretic Model of Cooperation in Law School Faculties FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 810, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-13 Shi-Ling Hsu Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: July 08, 2016 Last Revised: September 23, 2016 Working Paper Series 77 downloads Capital Transitioning: A Human Capital Strategy for Climate Innovation Forthcoming, Transnational Environmental Law, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 809, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-12 Shi-Ling Hsu Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: July 06, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 28 downloads Negotiated Rulemaking and New Risks: A Rail Safety Case Study 7 Wake Forest Journal of Law & Policy __ ( invited symposium part ) , 2017, Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 808, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-11 Hannah Jacobs Wiseman Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: June 18, 2016 Last Revised: December 03, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 63 downloads The Criminal Justice Black Box Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 77, 2017, Forthcoming, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 805 Samuel R. Wiseman Florida State University College of Law Date Posted: June 13, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 119 downloads Clean Energy Incentives: Hazards, Capture, and Federalism Florida Law Review Forum, Vol. 67, pp. 161-168, 2016, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 807 Hannah Jacobs Wiseman Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: June 13, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 19 downloads The Fiduciary Gap The Journal of Corporation Law, Vol. 40, 2015, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 803, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-8 Kelli Alces Williams Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: June 08, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 115 downloads Secession and Federalism in the United States: Tools for Managing Regional Conflict in a Pluralist Society Oregon Law Review, Vol. 96, 2017, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 806 Erin Ryan Florida State University, College of Law Date Posted: May 07, 2016 Last Revised: April 06, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 61 downloads Shareholder Political Primacy Virginia Law & Business Review, Vol 10, No.2, 2016, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 802, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-9 Jay Kesten Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: May 05, 2016 Last Revised: September 04, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 20 downloads Response to Heather Gerken 's 'Federalism and Patriotism: Time for a Détente? ' Saint Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 59, 2015, FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 804 Erin Ryan Florida State University, College of Law Date Posted: April 25, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 24 downloads Emerging Legal and Institutional Responses to Sea-Level Rise in Florida and Beyond FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 796 David L. Markell Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: April 18, 2016 Last Revised: December 21, 2016 Working Paper Series 168 downloads The Clean Power Plan, the Supreme Court 's Stay, and Irreparable Harm FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 798 Erin Ryan Florida State University, College of Law Date Posted: April 15, 2016 Working Paper Series 57 downloads Patroling Criminal Justice Data 101 Minnesota Law Review 541 ( 2016 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 799 Wayne A. Logan and Andrew Guthrie Ferguson Florida State University - College of Law and University of the District of Columbia - David A. Clarke School of Law Date Posted: April 11, 2016 Last Revised: December 01, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 152 downloads Federalism, Regulatory Architecture, and the Clean Water Rule: Seeking Consensus on the Waters of the United States 46 Envtl. Law 277 ( 2016 ) . , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 800 Erin Ryan Florida State University, College of Law Date Posted: April 07, 2016 Last Revised: August 23, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 77 downloads Three Problems ( and Two Solutions ) in the Law of Partnership Formation 49 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform 605 ( 2016 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 801, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 16-10 Shawn Bayern Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: April 06, 2016 Last Revised: July 26, 2016 Accepted Paper Series 133 downloads The Deductions of Modern Business-Entity Law for the Regulation of Autonomous Systems 19 Stanford Technology Law Review 93 ( 2015 ) , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 797, FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 797 Shawn Bayern Florida State University - College of Law Date Posted: April 04, 2016 Last Revised: January 12, 2017 Accepted Paper Series 241 downloads 1 2 3 4. 20 | Next >
Florida i/ˈflɒrᵻdə/ ( Spanish for `` land of flowers '' ) is a province located in the southeasterly part of the United States. It is bordered to the West by the Gulf of Mexico, to the North by Alabama and Georgia, to the E by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the South by the Straits of Florida and Cuba. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most thickly settled, and the 8th-most dumbly populated of the U.S. provinces. Jacksonville is the most thickly settled municipality in the province and is the largest metropolis by country in the immediate United States. The Miami metropolitan country is Florida 's most thickly settled urban country. The metropolis of Tallahassee is the province capital.
`` In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the seashore of Florida, seeking for a deep seaport to land. He described seeing a thick wall of ruddy Rhizophora mangles spread stat mi after stat mi, some stretch every bit high as 70 pess ( 21 m ) , with intertwined and elevated roots doing set downing hard. Very shortly, 'many fumes ' appeared 'along the whole seashore ' , wallowing against the sky, when the Native ascendants of the Seminole spotted the fledglings and spread the dismay by signal fires '' . The Spanish introduced Christianity, cowss, Equus caballuss, sheep, the Castilian linguistic communication, and more to Florida. Spain established several colonies in Florida, with changing grades of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a colony at contemporary Pensacola, doing it the first attempted colony in Florida, but it was largely abandoned by 1561.
In 1763, Spain traded Florida to the Kingdom of Great Britain for control of Havana, Cuba, which had been captured by the British during the Seven Years ' War. It was portion of a big enlargement of British district following their triumph in the Seven Years ' War. A big part of the Floridano population left, taking along most of the staying autochthonal population to Cuba. The British shortly constructed the King 's Road linking St. Augustine to Georgia. The route crossed the St. Johns River at a narrow point, which the Seminole called Wacca Pilatka and the British named `` Cow Ford '' , both names apparently reflecting the fact that cowss were brought across the river at that place.
The British divided and consolidated the Florida states ( Las Floridas ) into East Florida and West Florida, a division the Spanish authorities kept after the brief British period. The British authorities gave land grants to officers and soldiers who had fought in the Gallic and Indian War in order to promote colony. In order to bring on colonists to travel to Florida, studies of its natural wealth were published in England. A big figure of British colonists who were `` energetic and of good character '' moved to Florida, largely coming from South Carolina, Georgia and England. There was besides a group of colonists who came from the settlement of Bermuda. This would be the first lasting English-speaking population in what is now Duval County, Baker County, St. Johns County and Nassau County. The British built good public roads and introduced the cultivation of sugar cane, anil and fruits every bit good the export of timber.
As a consequence of these enterprises northeastern Florida prospered economically in a manner it ne'er did under Spanish disposal. Furthermore, the British governors were directed to name general assemblies every bit shortly as possible in order to do Torahs for the Floridas and in the interim they were, with the advice of councils, to set up tribunals. This would be the first debut of much of the English-derived legal system which Florida still has today including test by jury, habeas principal and county-based authorities. Neither East Florida nor West Florida would direct any representatives to Philadelphia to outline the Declaration of Independence. Florida would stay a Loyalist fastness for the continuance of the American Revolution.
Joining the United States ; Indian remotion
Americans of English descent and Americans of Scots-Irish descent began traveling into northern Florida from the back countries of Georgia and South Carolina. Though technically non allowed by the Spanish governments and the Floridan authorities, they were ne'er able to efficaciously patrol the boundary line part and the back countries colonists from the United States would go on to immigrate into Florida unchecked. These migrators, blending with the already present British colonists who had remained in Florida since the British period, would be the primogenitors of the population known as Florida Crackers.
Seminole Indians based in East Florida began busting Georgia colonies, and offering oasiss for runaway slaves. The United States Army led progressively frequent incursions into Spanish district, including the 1817–1818 run against the Seminole Indians by Andrew Jackson that became known as the First Seminole War. The United States now efficaciously controlled East Florida. Control was necessary harmonizing to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams because Florida had become `` a derelict unfastened to the tenancy of every enemy, civilized or barbarian, of the United States, and functioning no other earthly purpose than as a station of irritation to them. `` .
Florida had become a load to Spain, which could non afford to direct colonists or forts. Madrid hence decided to yield the district to the United States through the Adams-Onís Treaty, which took consequence in 1821. President James Monroe was authorized on March 3, 1821 to take ownership of East Florida and West Florida for the United States and supply for initial administration. Andrew Jackson, on behalf of the U.S. federal authorities, served as a military commissioner with the powers of governor of the freshly acquired district for a brief period. On March 30, 1822, the U.S. Congress merged East Florida and portion of West Florida into the Florida Territory.
The clime of Florida is tempered slightly by the fact that no portion of the province is distant from the ocean. North of Lake Okeechobee, the prevalent clime is humid semitropical ( Köppen: Cfa ) , while countries south of the lake ( including the Florida Keys ) have a true tropical clime ( Köppen: Aw ) . Average high temperatures for late July are chiefly in the low 90s Fahrenheit ( 32–34 °C ) . Mean low temperatures for early to mid January scope from the low 40s Fahrenheit ( 4–7 °C ) in northern Florida to above 60 °F ( 16 °C ) from Miami on due south. With an mean day-to-day temperature of 70.7 °F ( 21.5 °C ) , it is the warmest province in the U.S.
Florida 's moniker is the `` Sunshine State '' , but terrible conditions is a common happening in the province. Central Florida is known as the lightning capital of the United States, as it experiences more lightning work stoppages than anyplace else in the U.S. Florida has one of the highest mean precipitation degrees of any province, in big portion because afternoon electrical storms are common in much of the province from late spring until early fall. A narrow eastern portion of the province including Orlando and Jacksonville receives between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunlight yearly. The remainder of the province, including Miami, receives between 2,800 and 3,200 hours yearly.
Drawn-out systems of submerged caves, swallow holes and springs are found throughout the province and supply most of the H2O used by occupants. The limestone is topped with flaxen dirts deposited as ancient beaches over 1000000s of old ages as planetary sea degrees rose and fell. During the last glacial period, lower sea degrees and a desiccant clime revealed a much wider peninsula, mostly savanna. The Everglades, an tremendously broad, slow-flowing river encompasses the southern tip of the peninsula. Sinkhole harm claims on belongings in the province exceeded a sum of $ 2 billion from 2006 through 2010.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Florida was 20,271,272 on July 1, 2015, a 7.82 % addition since the 2010 United States Census. The population of Florida in the 2010 nose count was 18,801,310. Florida was the 7th fastest-growing province in the U.S. in the 12-month period stoping July 1, 2012. In 2010, the centre of population of Florida was located between Fort Meade and Frostproof. The centre of population has moved less than 5 stat mis ( 8 kilometer ) to the E and about 1 stat mi ( 1.6 kilometer ) to the North between 1980 and 2010 and has been located in Polk County since the 1960 nose count. The population exceeded 19.7 million by December 2014, exceling the population of the province of New York for the first clip.
Racial and cultural make-up
Florida is among the three provinces with the most terrible felony disenfranchisement Torahs. Florida requires criminals to hold completed sentencing, parole and/or probation, and so seven old ages subsequently, to use separately for Restoration of vote privileges. As in other facets of the condemnable justness system, this jurisprudence has disproportional effects for minorities. As a consequence, harmonizing to Brent Staples, based on informations from The Sentencing Project, the consequence of Florida 's jurisprudence is such that in 2014 `` ore than one in 10 Floridians – and about one in four Afro-american Floridians – are shut out of the polls because of felony strong beliefs. ''
In 2010, 6.9 % of the population ( 1,269,765 ) considered themselves to be of lone American lineage ( regardless of race or ethnicity ) . Many of these were of English or Scotch-Irish descent ; nevertheless, their households have lived in the province for so long, that they choose to place as holding `` American '' lineage or make non cognize their lineage. In the 1980 United States census the largest lineage group reported in Florida was English with 2,232,514 Floridians claiming that they were of English or largely English American lineage. Some of their lineage went back to the original 13 settlements.
As of 2010, those of ( non-Hispanic white ) European lineage accounted for 57.9 % of Florida 's population. Out of the 57.9 % , the largest groups were 12.0 % German ( 2,212,391 ) , 10.7 % Irish ( 1,979,058 ) , 8.8 % English ( 1,629,832 ) , 6.6 % Italian ( 1,215,242 ) , 2.8 % Polish ( 511,229 ) , and 2.7 % French ( 504,641 ) . White Americans of all European backgrounds are present in all countries of the province. In 1970, non-Hispanic Whites were about 80 % of Florida 's population. Those of English and Irish lineage are present in big Numberss in all the urban/suburban countries across the province. Some native white Floridians, particularly those who have descended from long-time Florida households, may mention to themselves as `` Florida crackers '' ; others see the term as a derogatory one. Like Whites in most of the other Southern provinces, they descend chiefly from English and Scots-Irish colonists, every bit good as some other British American colonists.
As of 2010, those of Latino or Hispanic lineage accounted for 22.5 % ( 4,223,806 ) of Florida 's population. Out of the 22.5 % , the largest groups were 6.5 % ( 1,213,438 ) Cuban, 4.5 % ( 847,550 ) Puerto Rican, 3.3 % ( 629,718 ) Mexican, and 1.6 % ( 300,414 ) Colombian. Florida 's Latino population includes big communities of Cuban Americans in Miami and Tampa, Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Tampa, and Mexican/Central American migrator workers. The Hispanic community continues to turn more flush and nomadic. As of 2011, 57.0 % of Florida 's kids under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups. Florida has a big and diverse Hispanic population, with Cubans and Puerto Ricans being the largest groups in the province. About 80 % of Cuban Americans live in Florida, particularly South Florida where there is a long-standing and flush Cuban community. Florida has the 2nd largest Puerto Rican population after New York, every bit good as the fastest-growing in the state. Puerto Ricans are more widespread throughout the province, though the heaviest concentrations are in the Orlando country of Central Florida.
As of 2010, those of African lineage accounted for 16.0 % of Florida 's population, which includes African Americans. Out of the 16.0 % , 4.0 % ( 741,879 ) were West Indian or Afro-Caribbean American. During the early 1900s, black people made up about half of the province 's population. In response to segregation, disfranchisement and agricultural depression, many African Americans migrated from Florida to northern metropoliss in the Great Migration, in moving ridges from 1910 to 1940, and once more get downing in the ulterior 1940s. They moved for occupations, better instruction for their kids and the opportunity to vote and take part in society. By 1960 the proportion of African Americans in the province had declined to 18 % . Conversely big Numberss of northern Whites moved to the province. Today, big concentrations of black occupants can be found in northern and cardinal Florida. Aside from inkinesss descended from African slaves brought to the US South, there are besides big Numberss of inkinesss of West Indian, recent African, and Afro-Latino immigrant beginnings, particularly in the Miami/South Florida country. In 2010, Florida had the highest per centum of West Indians in the United States, with 2.0 % ( 378,926 ) from Haitian lineage, and 1.3 % ( 236,950 ) Jamaican. All other ( non-Hispanic ) Caribbean states were good below 0.1 % of Florida occupants.
Florida has 67 counties. Some mention stuffs may demo merely 66 because Duval County is consolidated with the City of Jacksonville. There are 379 metropoliss in Florida ( out of 411 ) that report on a regular basis to the Florida Department of Revenue, but there are other integrated municipalities that do non. The province authorities 's primary beginning of gross is gross revenues revenue enhancement. Florida does non enforce a personal income revenue enhancement. The primary gross beginning for metropoliss and counties is belongings revenue enhancement ; unpaid revenue enhancements are capable to revenue enhancement gross revenues which are held ( at the county degree ) in May and ( due to the extended usage of on-line command sites ) are extremely popular.
From the 1930s through much of the sixtiess, Florida was basically a one-party province dominated by white conservative Democrats, who together with other Democrats of the Solid South, exercised considerable control in Congress. They gained federal money from national plans ; like other southern provinces, Florida occupants have received more federal monies than they pay in revenue enhancements: the province is a net donee. Since the 1970s, the conservative white bulk of electors in the province has mostly shifted from the Democratic to the Republican Party. It has continued to back up Republican presidential campaigners through the twentieth century, except in 1976 and 1996, when the Democratic campaigner was from the South. They have had `` the luxury of voting for presidential campaigners who pledge to cut revenue enhancements and hold the enlargement of authorities while cognizing that their congressional deputations will go on to protect federal disbursement. ''
The first post-Reconstruction epoch Republican elected to Congress from Florida was William C. Cramer in 1954 from Pinellas County on the Gulf Coast, where demographic alterations were underway. In this period, African Americans were still disenfranchised by the province 's fundamental law and prejudiced patterns ; in the nineteenth century they had made up most of the Republican Party. Cramer built a different Republican Party in Florida, pulling local white conservativists and grafts from northern and midwestern provinces. In 1966 Claude R. Kirk, Jr. was elected as the first post-Reconstruction Republican governor, in an disquieted election. In 1968 Edward J. Gurney, besides a white conservative, was elected as the province 's first post-reconstruction Republican US Senator. In 1970 Democrats took the governorship and the unfastened US Senate place, and maintained laterality for old ages.
In 1998, Democratic electors dominated countries of the province with a high per centum of racial minorities and transplanted white progressives from the northeasterly United States, known conversationally as `` fieldfares '' . South Florida and the Miami metropolitan country are dominated by both racial minorities and white progressives. Because of this, the country has systematically voted as one of the most Democratic countries of the province. The Daytona Beach country is similar demographically and the metropolis of Orlando has a big Latino population, which has frequently favored Democrats. Republicans, made up largely of white conservativists, have dominated throughout much of the remainder of Florida, peculiarly in the more rural and suburban countries. This is characteristic of its elector base throughout the Deep South.
In the closely contested 2000 election, the province played a polar function. Out of more than 5.8 million ballots for the two chief rivals Bush and Al Gore, around 500 ballots separated the two campaigners for the all-decisive Florida electoral ballots that landed Bush the election win. Florida 's felony disenfranchisement jurisprudence is more terrible than most European states or other American provinces. A 2002 survey in the American Sociological Review concluded that `` if the province 's 827,000 disfranchised criminals had voted at the same rate as other Floridians, Democratic campaigner Al Gore would hold won Florida—and the presidency—by more than 80,000 ballots. ''
The tribunal ruled in 2014, after drawn-out testimony, that at least two territories had to be redrawn because of gerrymandering. After this was appealed, in July 2015 the Florida Supreme Court ruled that lawgivers had followed an illegal and unconstitutional procedure excessively influenced by party secret agents, and ruled that at least eight territories had to be redrawn. On December 2, 2015, a 5-2 bulk of the Court accepted a new map of congressional territories, some of which was drawn by rivals. Their opinion affirmed the map antecedently approved by Leon County Judge Terry Lewis, who had overseen the original test. It peculiarly makes alterations in South Florida. There are likely to be extra challenges to the map and territories.
The Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) of Florida in 2010 was $ 748 billion. Its GDP is the 4th largest economic system in the United States. In 2010, it became the 4th largest exporter of trade goods. The major subscribers to the province 's gross end product in 2007 were general services, fiscal services, trade, transit and public public-service corporations, fabrication and building severally. In 2010–11, the province budget was $ 70.5 billion, holding reached a high of $ 73.8 billion in 2006–07. Chief Executive Magazine name Florida the 3rd `` Best State for Business '' in 2011.
After the watershed events of Hurricane Andrew in 1992, the province of Florida began puting in economic development through the Office of Trade, Tourism, and Economic Development. Governor Jeb Bush realized that watershed events such as Andrew negatively impacted Florida 's anchor industry of touristry badly. The office was directed to aim Medical/Bio-Sciences among others. Three old ages subsequently, The Scripps Research Institute ( TSRI ) announced it had chosen Florida for its newest enlargement. In 2003, TSRI announced programs to set up a major scientific discipline centre in Palm Beach, a 364,000 square pess ( 33,800 M2 ) installation on 100 estates ( 40 hour angle ) , which TSRI planned to busy in 2006.
Florida is served by Amtrak, runing legion lines throughout, linking the province 's largest metropoliss to points north in the United States and Canada. The busiest Amtrak train Stationss in Florida in 2011 were: Sanford ( 259,944 ) , Orlando ( 179,142 ) , Tampa Union Station ( 140,785 ) , Miami ( 94,556 ) , and Jacksonville ( 74,733 ) . Sanford, in Greater Orlando, is the southern end point of the Auto Train, which originates at Lorton, Virginia, South of Washington, D.C. Until 2005, Orlando was besides the eastern end point of the Sunset Limited, which travels across the southern United States via New Orleans, Houston, and San Antonio to its western end point of Los Angeles. Florida is served by two extra Amtrak trains ( the Silver Star and the Silver Meteor ) , which operate between New York City and Miami. Miami Central Station, the metropolis 's rapid theodolite, commuter rail, intercity rail, and coach hub, is under building.
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